Spanish words for in the Kitchen

Spanish words for

Fruit, Vegetables and Nuts in Spanish
Almond – Almendra
Artichokes – Alcachofas
Asparagus – Esparragos
Aubergine – Berenjena
Avocado – Aguacate
Banana – Platano
Basil – Albahaca
Bay leaves – Laurel
Cabbage – Col
Carrots – Zanahorias
Cauliflower – Coliflor
Cherries – Cerezas
Chickpeas – Garbanzas
Courgette – Calabacin
Cucumber – Pepino
Garlic – Ajo
Grape – Uva
Grapefruit – Pomelo
Leeks – Puerros
Lentils – Lentejas
Lettuce – Lechuga
Nuts – Nueces
Olives – Aceitunas
Onion – Cebolla
Orange – Naranja
Pear – Pera
Peas – Guisantes
Pineapple – Piña
Raspberries – Frambuesas
Spinach – Espinaca
Strawberries – Fresas
Turnips – Nabos
Spanish words for herbs and spices
Cinnamon – Canela
Coriander – Cilantro
Cumin – Comino
Fine mixed herbs – Finas hierbas
Garlic – Ajo
Mint – Menta
Nutmeg – Moscada
Oregano – Orégano
Parsley – Perejil
Pepper – Pimenton
Rosemary – Romero
Sage – Salvia
Tarragon – Estragón
Thyme – Tomillo
Spanish words for fish & seafood
Anchovies – Anchoas
Baby Eels – Angulas
Clams – Almejas
Cockles – Berberechos
Cod – Bacalao
Crayfish (see Langoustine)
Cuttlefish Jibia
Eel – Anguila
Haddock – Róbalo
Hake – Merluza
Herring – Arenque
Lobster – Bogavante
Langoustine – Langosta / Langostino
Mackerel Caballa / Makerela
Monkfish – Rape
Mussels – Mejillones
Octopus – Pulpo
Oysters – Ostras / Ostiones
Perch – Perca
Prawns – Gambas
Red Mullet – Salmonete
Red snapper Huachinango
Salmon – Salmón
Sardines – Sardinas
Scallops – Vieiras
Sea Bass /Grouper – Mero
Sea Bream – Besugo, Dorada, Pargo
Sea Bream (white) – Sargo
Seafood Stew (a favourite of mine!) – Zarzuela
Shrimps Camarones
Sole – Lenguado
Squid – Calamar / calamares
Trout – Trucha
Tuna – Atún
Whitebait – Pescaditos
Whiting – Pescadilla
Spanish words for meat and poultry
Brains – Sesos
Beef – Carne de vaca
Chicken – Pollo
Chicken breast – Pechuga de pollo
Chops – Chuletas
Duck – Pato
Goose – Oca
Lamb – Cordero
Meatballs – Albondigas
Pigeon / Dove – Paloma
Pork – Cerdo
Pork Loin – Lomo
Potatoes – Patata
Pumpkin – Calabaza
Rabbit – Conejo
Sausage – Salchicha / Chorizo
Tripe – Callos
Turkey – Pavo
Veal – Carne De Ternera
Venison – Venado
Spanish words for dairy produce
Butter – mantequilla
Eggs – Huevos
Egg Yolks – Yemas
Milk – Leche
Spanish words for drinks and alcohol
Apple Juice – Zumo de manzana
Beer – Cerveza (In the Canary Islands a “Jarra” is a large glass, and a “Caña” is a small one)
Bottle – Botella
Cider – Sidra
Coca Cola  – Coca Cola
Fresh – Fresca
Ice – Hielo
Lemonade – Limonada
Orange Juice – Zumo de naranja
Pale Dry Sherry – Manzanilla
Red Wine – Vino tinto
Rosé wine – Vino rosado
Rum – Ron
Summer wine (mix of red wine & lemon/lime fizz – lovely!!) – Tinto verano
Tomato Juice – Zumo de tomate
Vodka – Vodka
Water (fizzy) – Agua con gas
Water (still) – Agua sin gas
Water (tonic) – Agua tónica
White wine – Vino blanco
Miscellaneous Spanish Words in the Kitchen
Bottle – Botella
Baked – Al Horno
Bread – Pan
Breakfast – Desayuno
Broth – Caldo
Dining Room – Comedor
Dinner – Cena
Flour (plain) – harina
Flour (self-raising) – harina con levadora
Fried In Batter – Aceite
Grilled – A La Romana / a la plancha
Honey – Miel
In garlic – Al Ajillo
Menu – Carta
Olive oil – Aceite de oliva
Rice – Arroz
Rice Pudding – Arroz Con Leche
Roast – Asado
Smoked – Ahumado
Snail – Caracoles
Water – Agua
Yeast – levadora

Learn Spanish with Hanane

Many thanks to Hanane for allowing us to share these videos with you.

INTRODUCTION

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6C5XSx6B6qg&t=41s

Países donde se habla español | Countries where Spanish is spoken

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3J_CQj2J88k

5 palabras y expresiones en español | 5 common Spanish phrases

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWmOCYqiSYQ

¿TÚ o USTED? | Differences between "tú" and "usted"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tr7muOtmPR0

Preposiciones | Spanish prepositions

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvoCxRlDugk

¿SER o ESTAR? | Differences between "ser" and "estar"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDtfqiahweI

Pronunciación B y V | Pronunciation of B and V

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=enHLqTcCTX4

5 expresiones en español | 5 common Spanish expressions

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X__A2in4dtI

Pronunciación G y J | Spanish pronunciation of G and J

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E2zP_3GSEsQ

How to answer the phone in Spanish | Cómo responder al teléfono en español

https://youtu.be/M3UacG8009k

The Spanish verb TENER | Usos del verbo TENER

https://youtu.be/b-J_Rr7xtLI

Spanish personal pronouns | Pronombres personales en español

https://youtu.be/vWc62lQ4OH0

Describing a person in Spanish | Cómo describir a una persona

https://youtu.be/5qtEQQ6un10

Colors in Spanish | Los colores en español

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqny5cEri6A

Christmas in Spain | La Navidad en España

https://youtu.be/1WqV8a0YwFI

 

Learning Spanish

TOP 100 SPANISH WORDS

1. gracias (thanks)
2. ser (to be)
3. a (to)
4. ir (to go)
5. estar (to be)
6. bueno (good)
7. de (of, from)
8. su (your, her, his, their)
9. hacer (to do, to make)
10. amigo (friend)
11. por favor (please)
12. no (no)
13. en (on, in)
14. haber ("to have" as an auxiliary verb)
15. tener (to have, to possess)
16. un, uno, una (a, one)
17. ahora (now)
18. y (and)
19. quequé (that, what)
20. por (for, by)
21. amar (to love)
22. quién (who)
23. para (for, to)
24. venir (to come)
25. porque (because)
26. el, la, los, las (the)
27. antes (before)
28. más (more)
29. bien ("well" as an adverb)
30. aquí, allí (here, there)
31. querer (to want, to love)
32. hola (hello)
33.  (you)
34. poder (to be able)
35. gustar (to be pleasing)
36. poner (to put)
37. casi (almost)
38. saber (to know)
39. como (like, as)
40. donde (where)
41. dar (to give)
42. pero (but)
43. se (itself, herself, himself, themselves)
44. mucho (much)
45. nuevo (new)
46. cuando (when)
47. chico, chica (boy, girl)
48. entender (to understand)
49. si (if)
50. o (or)
51. feliz (happy)
52. todo (all, every)
53. mismo (same)
54. muy (very)
55. nunca (never)
56. yome (I, me)
57.  (yes)
58. grande, gran (big, great)
59. deber (to owe, should)
60. usted (you)
61. bajo (low, under)
62. otro (other)

63. salir (to leave)
64. hora (hour; see also lesson on telling time)
65. desde (from)
66. ver (to see)
67. malo, mal (bad)
68. pensar (to think)
69. hasta (until)
70. tanto, tan (used in making comparisons)
71. entre (between, among)
72. durante (during)
73. llevar (to wear, to carry)
74. siempre (always)
75. empezar (to begin)
76. él, ella, ellos, ellas (he, she, they)
77. leer (to read)
78. cosa (thing)
79. sacar (to take out, to remove)
80. conocer (to know)
81. primero (first)
82. andar (to walk)
83. sobre (over, about)
84. echar (to throw)
85. sin (without)
86. decir (to say)
87. trabajar (to work)
88. nosotros (we, us)
89. también (also)
90. adiós (goodbye)
91. comer (to eat)
92. triste (sad)
93. país (country)
94. escuchar (to listen, to listen to)
95. hombre (man)
96. mujer (woman)
97. le (indirect-object pronoun)
98. creer (to believe, to think)
99. encontrar (to find)
100. beber (to drink)

AND A FEW MORE

Here are some other words that very well could have made the list:

101. hablar (to speak)
102. ese, esa (demonstrative "that";)
103. baño (bathroom)
104. después (afterwards, later)
105. gente (people)
106. ciudad (city)
106. sentir (to feel)
107. llegar (to arrive)
108. pequeño (small)
109. escribir (to write)
110. año (year)
111. menos (minus, except)
112. lo (various uses)
113. cual (that, which)
114. este, esta (this)
115. dejar (to leave)
116. parte (part)
117. nada (nothing)
118. cada (each)
119. seguir (to continue, to follow)
120. partir (to divide)
121. ya (still, already)
122. parecer (to seem)

TOP 25 SPANISH NOUNS

1. vez time (as in number of times) 14. caso case, occasion
2. año year 15. país country
3. tiempo time, weather 16. lugar place, position
4. día day 17. persona person
5. cosa thing 18. hora hour, time
6. hombre man, mankind; husband 19. trabajo work, job, effort
7. parte part, portion 20. punto point, dot, period
8. vida life 21. mano hand
9. momento moment, time 22. manera manner, way
10. forma form, shape, way 23. fin end
11. casa house 24. tipo type, kind
12. mundo world 25. gente people
13. mujer woman, wife

TOP 25 SPANISH VERBS

1. ser to be 14. pasar to pass, spend time
2. haber to have 15. deber should, ought to; to owe
3. estar to be 16. poner to put on, get (+ adj.)
4. tener to have 17. parecer to seem, look like
5. hacer to do, make 18. quedar to stay, remain
6. poder to be able to, can 19. creer to believe, think
7. decir to tell, say 20. hablar to speak, talk
8. ir to go 21. llevar to take, carry
9. ver to see 22. dejar to let, leave
10. dar to give 23. seguir to follow
11. saber to know (a fact), find out 24. encontrar to find
12. querer to want. love 25. llamar to call, name
13. llegar to arrive
TOP 25 SPANISH ADJECTIVES
1. su his, her, their, your (fam.) 14. poco little, few; a little bit (adv.)
2. lo the (+ neuter) 15. tanto so much, so many
3. todo all, every 16. nuestro our
4. más more 17. cada each, every
5. este, -a this 18. menos less, fewer
6. otro other, another 19. nuevo new
7. ese, -a that 20. aquel that (over there)
8. mucho much, many, a lot 21. bueno good
9. mi my 22. tal such (a)
10. alguno some, someone (pron.) 23. mejor best, better (adv.)
11. mismo same 24. cierto certain, sure, true
12. primero first 25. mayor larger, older, main
13. grande large, great, big

 

TOP 25 SPANISH ADVERBS

1. no no 14. antes before
2. ya already, still 15. cómo how?
3. muy very, really 16. aquí here
4. también also 17. luego later, afterward
5. así like that 18. casi almost, nearly
6.  yes 19. durante during, for (time)
7. bien well 20. nunca never, ever
8. entonces so, then 21. además also, as well, besides
9. tan such, as, too 22. hoy today, nowadays
10. ahora now 23. allí there, over there
11. después after 24. dentro inside
12. siempre always, forever 25. ahí there
13. sólo only, just

TOP 15 SPANISH CONJUNTIONS

1. que that, which 9. ni not even, neither, nor
2. y and 10. donde where
3. como like, as 11. pues then, well then
4. pero but, yet, except 12. sino but, except, rather
5. o or 13. aunque although, even though
6. si if, whether 14. mientras while, whereas; as long as
7. porque because 15. mas but, however
8. cuando when

TOP 25 SPANISH PREPOSITIONS

1. de of, from 11. desde from, since
2. a to, at 12. hacia toward
3. en in 13. contra against, opposite
4. por for, by, through 14. bajo under, underneath
5. con with 15. ante before, in the presence of
6. para for, to, in order to 16. según according to
7. sin without 17. tras after, behind
8. sobre on top of, over, about 18. mediante by means of
9. hasta until, up to, even (adv.) 19. excepto except (for)
10. entre between, among

TOP 25 SPANISH PRONOUNS

1. se -self [reflexive marker] 14. esto this
2. le [3rd pers. indir. obj. pron.] 15. te you (fam., obj.)
3. lo [3rd pers. m. dir. obj. pron.] 16. quien who
4. la [3rd pers. f. dir. obj. pron.] 17. cual which, who, whom
5. me me 18. éste, -a this one
6. él / ellos he / them 19. nosotros we
7. qué what? which? how (+ adj.)! 20. nadie nobody, anybody
8. yo I 21. usted you (fam., subj.)
9. eso that 22. quién who?, whom?
10. nos us 23. ello it
11. ella / ellas she / them 24.  me (obj. prep.)
12. nada nothing, (not) at all 25. cuál which?

Spanish numbers 1 - 1000

From 1 to 20

Here are the numbers from 1 up to 20

1 – uno
2 – dos
3 – tres
4 – cuatro
5 – cinco
6 – seis
7 – siete
8 – ocho
9 – nueve
10 – diez

11 – once
12 – doce
13 – trece
14 – catorce
15 – quince

After 15 it sounds a lot like 10 plus a number

16 – dieciséis
17 – diecisiete
18 – dieciocho
19 – diecinueve

20 to 29

20 is a new number, veinte

After that, it’s veinti- and another number

21 – veintiuno
22 – veintidós
23 – veintitres
24 – veinticuatro
and so on…

30 to 99

For the multiples of 10, the rule changes just a bit. Lets cover those numbers first.

30 – treinta
40 – cuarenta
50 – cincuenta
60 – sesenta
70 – setenta
80 – ochenta
90 – noventa

To say these numbers that fall between those multiples of 10, you add ‘y’ (and)
For example:

31 treinta y uno

Basically ‘thirty and one’. All the numbers after 30 that don’t fall on a multiple of ten follow this rule.

44 – cuarenta y cuatro
67 – sesenta y siete
52 – cincuenta y dos

Here’s 81-89 to cement the idea.

ochenta y uno
ochenta y dos
ochenta y tres
ochenta y cuatro
ochenta y cinco
ochenta y seis
ochenta y siete 
ochenta y ocho
ochenta y nueve

100 and beyond

When we reach 100 we say ciento. Following that, it’s just one hundred and the next number.

101 ciento uno
102 ciento dos
103 ciento tres
104 ciento cuatro
and so on…

and just like the numbers 31 to 99 using ‘y’ (and) between them and the smaller number (e.g. 31 treinta y uno), you still follow that rule throughout the hundreds.

143 – ciento cuarenta y tres
179 – ciento setenta y nueve
196 – ciento noventa y seis
155 – ciento cincuenta y cinco

Here are the other hundreds. Notice most sound like the number of hundreds it’s counting, with just a couple of exceptions.

200 – doscientos
300 – trescientos
400 – cuatrocientos
500 – quinientos (doesn’t sound like 5 but does sound like quince)
600 – seiscientos
700 – setecientos (like setenta)
800 – ochocientos
900 – novecientos (like noventa)

Knowing this, you can say any number between 101 and 999

365 – trescientos sesenta y cinco
501 – quinientos uno
824 – ochocientos veinte y cuatro
999 – novecientos noventa y nueve

A few more things

For 1000 the number is mil. Zero is cero.

When you use the number 100 for counting, like 100 pens, you use the word cien. So 100 pens is cien plumas.

cien libros
cien zapatas

Also, hundreds from 200 on will take the masculine or feminine ending to match the word it is measuring, like the number 1 (uno) does.

Doscientas plumas
Trescientos articulos

Basic Spanish

Words that end in "ma" are usually masculine. Words that end in "dad" tend to be Feminine.

Many English words that end in "ity" translate to Spanish by changing the "ity" to "idad" eg Electricity becomes Electricidad

Many English words that end in "tion" translate to Spanish by changing the "tion" to "ción" eg instruction becomes instrución

Many English verbs that end in "ate" translate to Spanish by changing the "ate" to "ar" eg to participate becomes participar

Many English words that end in "ous" translate to Spanish by changing the "ous" to "oso" eg Curious becomes Curioso

Words that end in "al" are usually the same in Spanish eg Hospital

Many English words that end in "ic" translate to Spanish by changing the "ic" to "ico" or "ica" eg Magic becomes Mágico

Many English words that end in "ct" translate to Spanish by changing the "ct" to "cto" eg Exact becomes Exacto

Many English words that end in "ance" translate to Spanish by changing the "ance" to "ancia" eg Distance becomes Distancia

Words that end in "ar" are usually the same in Spanish eg Vulgar

Many English words that end in "ary" translate to Spanish by changing the "ary" to "ario" eg Diary becomes Diario

Many English words that end in "ant" translate to Spanish by changing the "ant" to "ante" eg Important becomes Importante

Words that end in "ble" are usually the same in Spanish eg Terrible

Many English words that end in "ence" translate to Spanish by changing the "ence" to "encia" eg Coincidence becomes Coincidencia

Many English words that end in "id" translate to Spanish by changing the "id" to "ido" eg Fluid becomes Fluido

Many English words that end in "ment" translate to Spanish by changing the "ment" to "mento" eg Department becomes Departamento

PLEASE NOTE THIS IS A GUIDELINE AND THERE ARE MANY EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULE. FOR EXAMPLE IN THE LAST ONE I ADDED AN A "AMENTO" NOT JUST "MENTO". BUT THE GENERAL RULES WILL PUT YOU ON THE RIGHT TRACK. ALSO BEWARE OF FALSE FRIENDS. EG ACTUALMENTE DOES NOT MEAN ACTUALLY IT MEANS CURRENTLY.