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HOW TO VOTE IN SPAIN

HOW TO VOTE IN SPAIN

HOW TO VOTE IN SPAIN

The European elections will take place in Spain on May 26, 2019. All European citizens over 18 years of age have the right to vote. The vote can be in person (vote in Mesa), by postal mail or even from outside Spain, according to the procedure established by the Spanish electoral law.

You can find all the information about this electoral process on the web enabled by the Ministry of the Interior

When are the Elections?

In Spain, the European elections will take place on Sunday May 26, 2019, coinciding with the municipal elections throughout Spain and with regional elections in Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla y León, Castilla-La Mancha, Comunidad of Madrid, Extremadura La Rioja, Navarra and the Region of Murcia, as well as the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

Where can I vote?

In Spain, the voter votes in the College and Electoral Board assigned to them based on their residence address and the municipal census where they are registered. You can check your registration and polling station data on the website of the Electoral Census Office (you will need your digital certificates). 
The census that is used for this electoral process will take into account the information consulted by the authorities to the town councils and consulates between April 8 and 15. However, voters have during this eight-day period to claim a change of address, which they must justify, but only within the same electoral constituency (corresponding to a province or island).

What is the minimum age to vote?

In Spain it is necessary to have turned 18 in order to vote in the elections.

How many seats in the European Parliament Correspond to those elected in Spain?

In Spain, 54 deputies will be elected. In the case of the departure during this period of the United Kingdom, the number of MEPs would be 59, five more than in the 2014 elections.

What is the registration period to vote?

If you are a Spanish citizen and resident in Spain, it is not necessary to register in advance, as the authorities do it automatically. However, if the domicile address has been changed recently, it is advisable to check the registration data in the Electoral Census Office.

Where do I have to register to vote?

You have to be registered in the census (municipal register) as a resident. To verify where you are registered, you can check the website of the Electoral Census Office.

If you are not registered, or have changed your address without updating the register, you must go to the City Council where you reside. The census that is used for this electoral process will take into account the information consulted by the authorities to the town councils and consulates between April 8 and 15.

What documents do you need to take with you to the polling station?

It is mandatory to present an original identification document (photocopies are not allowed): ID, passport or driver’s license, any of them with a photograph included.

Is it possible to vote by mail?

Yes, in Spain it is possible to vote by mail.

Those voters who foresee that on the date of the elections (May 26, 2019) will not be in the locality where they should exercise their right to vote, or can not go to their polling place, they can cast their vote by mail, upon request. to the provincial delegation of the Electoral Census Office.

Once the correspondence vote is requested, it is not possible to vote in person at the Electoral Table.

The form to vote by mail must be requested at any Post Office from April 2 to May 16. It is mandatory to go in person to the post office with the DNI (original, photocopy is not allowed).

Once the application has been made, you will receive by certified mail and previous proof of your identity, at the address indicated by the voter, a ballot of each of the political formations that are submitted to the elections and a voting envelope, together with the registration certificate in the census and an envelope with the address of the Board where it would correspond to vote.

Once the voter has chosen the ballot paper, he will put it in the voting envelope and close it. It will include the envelope or the voting envelopes (where previously the corresponding ballot will have been included) and the certificate in the envelope addressed to the Board and will send it by certified mail between May 6 and 22. This envelope does not need postage.

Is it possible to vote on line?

No, in Spain it is not possible.

Is it possible to vote for “Proxy” (Through a Proxy)?

No, in Spain it is not possible.

Can I vote in Spain if I am from another European country?

Yes, EU citizens will be able to vote in elections to the European Parliament in Spain if they express their will in this regard. You must be registered in the local census of the city of residence and also register (through a motivated statement) in the Electoral Census for Foreign Citizens. The period to register the willingness to vote is from November 30 to January 30, 2019.

EU citizens who want to vote, are registered in the electoral roll and have not previously expressed their willingness to exercise the right to vote, should do so, choosing whether it is for municipal elections, the European Parliament or both.

In general, the manifestation of will can be done by going to the town councils where they are registered.

This year, the ECO will send 575,072 letters to EU citizens entitled to vote in the European elections of May 2019. However, the ECO only sends the letter once: if it was already sent in previous occasions and it was not answered, it is understood that the voter does not intend to vote in Spain.

If you do not receive the letter, there are other options:

  • If you do not have them, you must personally go to your town hall to register and make the declaration of will by filling in the form of the form available at the Town Hall.

In the case that it is not yet registered in the municipal census (census) it is possible to perform both procedures (registration in the census and declaration of voting will) in the same visit to the City Council.

In case you do not want to register as a resident in Spain, it is necessary to consult with your corresponding embassy or consulate and ask if you can vote at the Consulate facilities or by mail. The system and procedures differ among the EU member states.

What are the Electoral constituencies?

In elections to the European Parliament, the electoral constituency is the national territory, which means that voters in Spain vote for the same lists of candidates.

What is the electoral threshold for political parties to have to have access to the distribution of seats?

The Spanish law does not include a minimum threshold to access the distribution of seats in European elections, unlike in national and local elections, where it is necessary to reach 3% and 5% respectively.

In this regard, in July 2018 the Parliament established a mandatory threshold of around 2-5% in all EU countries. However, this obligation does not affect the European elections of 2019.

How are Spanish MPs elected?

Spain follows a system of closed lists, so voters can not change their preference order of candidates on the list.

Who are the candidates? what political parties can I vote for? 

Political parties or individuals who wish to stand for election must register with the national electoral authority in the periods established by the Electoral Board, which for these European elections have not yet been published. Candidates and coalitions are published in the Official State Gazette , approximately one month before the elections.

What tools are available to people with disabilities who want to vote? 

Political parties or individuals who wish to stand for election must register with the national electoral authority in the periods established by the Electoral Board, which for these European elections have not yet been published. Candidates and coalitions are published in the Official State Gazette , approximately one month before the elections.

Information supplied by – https://www.elecciones-europeas.eu/como-votar/espana

 

 

 

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